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Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder in Context

Title: Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder in Context: a comparison of family perceptions in a high income and low/middle-income country

Problem: Due to very little ASD-related research from low- and middle-income countries we have a limited understanding of the impact of contextual factors on the functioning of individuals with ASD. Knowledge about the role of social and cultural factors on functioning in ASD will help us understand the relationship between genetic and environmental factors better and ultimately enable us to develop and adjust clinical tools and strategies for low-resource settings to better support the majority of individuals living with ASD.

Project: This project will explore the impact of context/environmental factors on the functioning of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in two obviously different socio-economic settings as seen from a family perspective. Perspectives from Sweden as an example of a high-income country (HIC) and South Africa as an example of a low-middle income country (LMIC) will be compared in order to identify similarities and differences between functional themes presented by families in these two obviously different socio-economic settings.